Varicose veins are gnarled, enlarged veins. Any vein can be varicose veins, but the veins most commonly affected are those in the legs and feet. That’s because standing and sitting for a long time increases the pressure in the veins of the lower body.
For many people, varicose and spider veins (mild variation of varicose veins) are simply a cosmetic concern. For other people, varicose veins can cause aching pain and discomfort. Sometimes varicose veins causes more-serious problems. Varicose veins may also be a signal of higher risk of other circulatory problems.
Treatment for Varicose Veins
Self-care measures or procedures to be performed by your doctor or remove veins.
Varicose veins usually do not cause pain. Characteristic of varicose veins include:
vein appear violet dark or blue in color
Like Wires, twisted and appear plump, often like cords on the legs
If varicose vein is associated With painful symptoms including:
An achy or heavy feeling in the legs
Burning, throbbing, muscle cramping and swelling in the lower legs
Pain after sitting or standing for a long time
Itching around one or more of your veins
Skin ulcers near your ankle. If you find skin ulcers, it is a serious form of vascular disease and requires immediate medical attention
Spider veins are similar to varicose veins, but they are smaller. Spider veins are closer to the surface of the skin and often found in red or blue color. They occur on the legs. Spider veins vary in size and often look like a spider’s web.
When to consult your doctor for varicose veins?
Self care measures like exercise, raising your legs or wearing compression stockings – can help you ease the pain of varicose veins and can prevent them from getting worse. But if you think that the look and feel of your varicose vein is getting worse and self-care measures are not giving adequate results, seek medical attention.
Arteries carry blood from the heart to the rest of your tissues. Veins return blood from the rest of your body to your heart so that the blood can be recycled. To return blood to your heart, the veins in the legs must work against gravity. Muscle contractions in the lower legs act as pumps and elastic vein walls help blood return back to your heart. Tiny valves open as blood flows in the veins close towards the heart, blood flows backward to stop.
Causes of varicose veins may include:
Listed below are the 2 situations where people normally become a victim of this ailment.
As you get older, your veins loses its elasticity causing them to stretch. The valves in the veins can become weak, so ti will become difficult to send back the blood. It situation will pave the way to expand the veins and blood gets pooled in the veins and that become varicose veins. The veins appear blue because they contain de-oxygenated blood that is supposed to be returned to be oxygenated by the lungs.
Some pregnant women develop varicose veins. Pregnancy increases the volume of blood in the body, but also reduces the blood flow from the legs to the pelvis. This cycle change was designed to support the growing fetus, but it can produce an unfortunate side effect – enlarged veins in the legs. Varicose veins can appear for the first time during the initial stages of pregnancy and worsen during late pregnancy when your uterus puts more pressure on the veins in the legs. Changes in your hormones during pregnancy may also plays a pivotal role. Varicose veins that develop during pregnancy usually improve without medical treatment within three months after the delivery.
These factors increase the risk of developing varicose veins:
The risk of varicose veins increases with age. Ageing causes wear and tear on the valves in the veins which helps to regulate blood circulation.
Women are more likely to develop the condition. Hormonal changes during pregnancy, menopause or premenstrual period may be a factor. Female hormones tend to relax vein walls. Under hormone replacement therapy or birth control pills may increase your risk of varicose veins.
If other family members had varicose veins, there is a greater chance you will too.
Obesity puts extra pressure on the veins.
Stand or sit for long periods.
Your blood flow is not so good if you are in the same position for a long time.
Complications of varicose veins, although it is rare:
Form extremely painful ulcers on the skin in the vicinity of varicose veins, especially in the vicinity of the ankle. Ulcers are caused by long-term fluid retention in these tissues due to increased pressure of blood in the affected veins. A discolored spot on the skin usually appears before an ulcer forms. See your doctor immediately if you suspect you have developed an ulcer.
Occasionally venous be extended deep into the legs. In such cases, the affected leg may swell considerably. Any sudden leg swelling warrants urgent medical attention because it is due to blood clot which indicates a condition medically known as thrombophlebitis.
Preparing for your appointment with the doctor
There are no special preparations that will make prior to your appointment. Your specialist vein doctor may need to look at your bare legs and feet to diagnose varicose veins and find out what may be the best treatment for your condition.
What you can do
Write down all the symptoms you are experiencing, including any that seem unrelated to varicose veins.
Write down key personal information, including a family history of varicose veins or spider veins.
Make a list of all medications, as well as any vitamins or supplements that you are taking.
Write down questions to ask your doctor.
Your time is limited with your doctor, so preparing a list of questions will help you get the most out of your time together. List your questions most to least important in case time runs out. Some basic questions to ask your doctor includes:
What is probably the symptoms of varicose vein?
What are other possible causes for my varicose veins?
What kinds of tests do I need?
How are varicose veins treated?
What are the alternatives to the primary approach that you propose?
I have other health conditions. How can I best manage these conditions together?
Are there any restrictions activity that I need to follow?
What can we expect from your doctor
Your doctor will probably ask a series of questions. Your doctor may ask:
When did you first notice the varicose veins?
Do You Have Pain?
What, if anything, seems to improve your symptoms?
Is there something, your symptoms worse?
What can you do in the meantime
Even before your appointment, you can start self-care. Try not stand or sit in one position for more than 30 minutes or so, lift your legs while sitting are, and void uncomfortable shoes and tight socks or un-recommended stockings.
Investigations and diagnosis
To diagnose varicose veins, your doctor will do a physical examination, including looking at your legs check for the amount of swelling while you are standing. Your doctor may also ask you to describe any pain on the legs.
If prescribed by the doctor, you may also need an ultrasound test to see if the valves in the veins works as usual or if there is any evidence of a blood clot. In this non-invasive test, you lie on an examination table. A small amount of warm gel applied to the skin. The gel helps the formation of air bubbles between the transducer and your body. During an ultrasound, a technician in the ultrasound imaging (sonography) pushes a small hand-held device (transducer), usually about the size of a soap, will be guided against your skin over your leg, from one area to another as needed. The transducer transmits images of the veins in the legs to a monitor, so a technician and your doctor can see them.
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Treatments and drugs
Fortunately, treatment is not usually hospitalization or a long uncomfortable recovery. Thanks to non invasive procedures, varicose veins can be treated usually on an outpatient basis and even at your home itself.
Self care – such as sports, to lose weight, not wearing tight clothes, raises the legs, and avoiding long periods of standing or sitting – can relieve pain and prevent varicose veins getting worse.
Wearing compression stockings is often the first approach before trying other treatments. Compression stockings should be worn all day. The compression stockings constantly pushes your legs, helping veins and leg muscles move blood more efficiently. The degree of compression depends on the type and brand.
You can get your compression stockings which is available at most pharmacies and medical supply stores. Prices may vary depending upon the size and brand.
When buying compression stockings make sure that it fits properly. With a tape you can measure your legs, make sure that you fit the right size and found according to the size chart on the stocking package. Compression stockings should be strong.
Additional treatments for more severe varicose veins
If you are not opting for self-care or compression stockings, or if your condition is severe, your doctor may recommend one of these varicose vein treatments:
In this process, your doctor injects small and medium varicose veins with a solution that closes veins. In a few weeks treated varicose veins should fade. Although the same vein may need to be injected more than once, sclerotherapy is effective when done correctly. Sclerotherapy does not require anesthesia and can be performed as an out patient procedure.
The doctors are using a new technique known as laser treatments for closing smaller varicose and spider veins. Laser surgery works by strong bursts of light onto the vein which will help the veins to fade and disappear. No incisions or needles are used.
In one of these treatments, your doctor inserts a thin tube (catheter) into an extended vein and heats the tip of the catheter. When the catheter is withdrawn, the heat destroys the vein by closing the valve. This procedure is usually done for larger varicose veins.
This process involves removing a long vein through small incisions. Is not compromised removing the vein circulation in the leg, because deep vein in the leg take care of the large amounts of blood.
Your doctor will remove smaller varicose veins. Through a series of tiny skin punctures Only the parts that is being stung your legs are numb in this outpatient procedure. Scarring is usually minimal.
Endoscopic vein surgery.
You may need leg this process only in an advanced case ulcer. Your surgeon, a thin video camera inserted in the leg to visualize and include varicose veins, and then removes the vein through small incisions. This method relies on an outpatient basis.
Varicose veins that are developing during pregnancy usually improves within three to 12 months after delivery.
What will the modern treatment for varicose veins cost?
As varicose vein has become a common problem irrespective of all the societies, treatment centers specializing in the treatment of veins has popped up in all cities of the world. When searched over the net regarding the cost involved in the treatment of varicose veins we have got result which is provided below which is an average amount you have to spend for treatment you varicose veins by undergoing modern methods
Be a careful consumer
When it comes to the treatment options for varicose veins, it pays to be a careful consumer health. Ads claiming “unique,” “permanent” or “painless” to remove varicose veins methods, can be attractive, but they can not really measure up to these claims. Before proceeding with any procedure, ask your doctor about any health risks and possible side effects.
You might want to inquire about the treatment costs as well. Many insurance companies do not cover the cost of elective cosmetic surgery for varicose veins. But in many cases, if you have any signs or symptoms such as swelling and bleeding, insurance usually covers the treatment.
Current treatments for varicose and spider veins are effective. However, it is possible that varicose veins can recur.
Lifestyle and home remedies
There are some self-care measures that you can take to decrease the discomfort that varicose veins brings in. The same measures can help prevent or slow the development of varicose veins as well.
Move. Walking is a great way to promote blood circulation in the legs. Your doctor may recommend an appropriate activity for you. Here are some links which provide useful information about exercise during varicose veins.
Watch your weight and your diet.
Shedding excess pounds takes unnecessary pressure on the veins. What you eat can also help. Follow a low-salt diet to prevent swelling from water retention.
See what you wear.
Avoid high heels. Low-heeled shoes work calf muscles more, which is better for your veins. Do not wear tight clothing around the waist, legs or in the groin. Tight panty-leg girdles, for example, can cut off circulation.
Raise your legs.
To improve circulation in the legs, take several short breaks daily to raise your legs above the level of the heart. For example, lying down, his legs resting on three or four pillows.
Avoid prolonged sitting or standing.
Make a point, if you frequently to promote your position blood flow. Try to move at least every 30 minutes or so.
Not to sit with your legs crossed for a prolonged time.
Some doctors believe this position can increase circulation problems.
Horse chestnut seed extract may be an effective treatment for chronic venous insufficiency, a condition associated with varicose veins in the leg veins have problems again be brought blood to the heart. The herb helps to reduce swelling and discomfort caused by varicose veins. Talk to your doctor before you try horse chestnut seed extract or other natural supplement for varicose veins, to ensure that it does not affect these products with medication.
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There is no way to completely prevent varicose veins. But can reduce it by improving your blood circulation and toning your muscles which will subside the risk of developing varicose veins or getting it worsen.